CBSE Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ Chapter 1 Questions & Answer

This article covers the most important questions and answers of Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ Chapter 1. I assure you that no questions will appear in the exam other than those covered here.

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Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ Chapter 1


We prepare all the questions for the Geography Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ based on NCERT books. All the questions and answers are published in this article only after we have carefully observed and checked them. Students can solve their Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ questions with answers to know their level of preparation.

Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ
Resources and Development Class 10 MCQ

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development Multiple Choice Questions with Answers

1. Which of the following can be termed a resource? 

A. which is technologically accessible 

B. Which is economically feasible 

C. Which is culturally acceptable 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Everything available in our environment that can be used to satisfy our needs, provided it is technologically accessible, economically feasible, and culturally acceptable, can be termed as a ‘Resource.’ 

2. Resource can be categorized as 

A. Natural resources 

B. Human Resources 

C. Both are correct 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Resources are two types, namely Natural Resources and Human Resources. Natural resources are those which we use directly from nature without any human intervention. On the other hand, any resources that human beings or even humans create can be categorized as human resources. 

3. Natural resources can be categorized as 

A. Renewable resource 

B. Non-Renewable resource 

C. Both are correct 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Natural resources can be categorized as renewable resources and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are those which are unlimited to use. On the other hand, non-renewable resources are those resources that are limited in nature. 

4. based on origin, resources can be categorized as 

A. biotic resource 

B. Abiotic resource 

C. Both are correct 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Based on origin, resources can be categorized as biotic resources and abiotic resources. Biotic resources are those that Consist of organic matter like trees, animals, etc.; on the other hand, about resources of those which include sunlight, soil, air, etc. 

5. based on exhaustibility, resources can be categorized as 

A. Renewable resource 

B. Non-Renewable resource 

C. Both are correct 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Based on exhaustibility, resources can be categorized as renewable resources and non-renewable resources. Now, renewable resources are unlimited. That means it renews After a certain period. On the other hand, renewable resources are limited in nature, which means that once finished, they cannot be produced again.

6. based on ownership, resources can be categorized as 

A. Individual resource 

B. Community resource 

C. National resource 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Based on ownership, resources can be categorized as individual resources, community resources, and national resources, as well as international resources. Here, individual resource means any resource that someone possesses. Community resource means resource processes by not only an individual but a community or group of people. National resource means any resource that contributes to the national economy, like any river, any mountain, etc. Finally, international resources that are helpful for the entire world, like Antarctica. 

7. based on the status of development resources can be categorized as 

A. Potential resource 

B. Developed stock resource 

C. Reserve resource 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Based on the status of development, resources can be categorized as potential resources, developed, stock resources and reserve resources. A potential resource is a resource that is not fully developed yet but can be used in the future. Stock refers to materials that have the potential to meet the demands of the user but are not being used due to various reasons. This type of resource can be categorized as developed stock resources. Whereas reserved resources are defined and their amount is recognized, they are not being used as their reserve for the future. 

8. Which of the following is the correct statement 

A. Resources are gifts of nature 

B. Metals are not recyclable resource 

C. Fossil fuels are non-recyclable resource 

D. Natural vegetation and wildlife are not resources 

Explanation: Resources are not free of nature because all natural resources have to be fit for human use, and after that, this can be called a resource. Metals are recyclable resources because the self life of metal is very long, and we can convert them into one form to another. Fossil fuels are a non-recyclable resource because once they become exhausted, we cannot form them once again. Natural vegetation and wildlife are one of the important resources for us. 

9. Which of the following consequences can not be experienced When we overuse resources? 

A. Global warming 

B. Ozone layer depletion 

C. Pollution-free environment 

D. Land degradation 

Explanation: When we overuse resources, there are so many consequences that have happened to us, like global warming, ozone layer depression, polluted environment, and land degradation. 

10. In which year The Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit was held? 

A. 1990 

B. 1991 

C. 1992 

D. 1993 

Explanation: The Rio De Janeiro Earth Summit was held in 1992. this event was also known as the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development.

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11. What is the full form of UNCED? 

A. United Nations Conference on Economy and Development 

B. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development 

C. United Nations Cooperation on Environment and Development 

D. Union Nations Conference on Environment and Development 

Explanation: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit or Rio Conference, was a major environmental-related United Nations conference that was held in Rio de Janeiro from 3rd to 14 June 1992. 

12. Which of the following are the main objectives of Agenda 21? 

A. To achieve global sustainable development 

B. To combat environmental damage 

C. To reduce poverty and disease through global cooperation on common interest 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Agenda 21 provides a guideline to create a detailed plan for sustainable development of the entire world and economic growth for every country. Agenda 21 gives us ways to combat environmental pollution and aims to conserve as well as improve diversity. It also deals with the socio-economic development of the entire world. 

13. Which of the following is a feature of sustainable Development? 

A. Development at any cost 

B. Development in the present should compromise with the needs of the future generations 

C. Development should take place without damaging the environment 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: The main objective of sustainable development is the protection of the environment. It involves reducing pollution, promoting sustainable practices, conserving energy and preserving natural resources. 

14. Which of the following states has ample sources of mineral and coal resources? 

A. Jharkhand 

B. Chhattisgarh 

C. Madhya Pradesh 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: The Indian state Odisha accounted for nearly half of India’s mineral production. Chhattisgarh was the second-largest mining state in India. States like Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Assam are the major resources of minerals in India. 

15. Which of the following states has huge potential in solar energy? 

A. Arunachal Pradesh 

B. West Bengal 

C. Kerala 

D. Rajasthan 

Explanation: Rajasthan is located in a desert region, which means where We can find ample sources of sunlight, which makes Rajasthan a state that has huge potential in solar energy. 

16. Resource planning includes 

A. Surveying, mapping and qualitative and quantitative estimation and measurement of the resources. 

B. Appropriate technology, skill and institutional setup for implementing resource development plans. 

C. Synchronising with National Development Plans. 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Resource planning is the process of identifying, forecasting and allocating best-fit resources like Human Resources, equipment, assets, facilities, and more to the projects at the right time and right cost. 

17. “There is enough for everybody’s need and not for anybody’s greed.” Who said this line 

A. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose 

B. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru 

C. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, once said that there is enough for everybody’s needs and not for anybody’s greed. 

18. Brundtland Commission Report was published in 

A. 1985 

B. 1987 

C. 1989 

D. 1991 

Explanation: In the year of 1987, the Brundtland Commission report stated that critical global environmental problems were primarily the result of the enormous poverty of the South and the non-sustainable patterns of consumption and production in the North. 

19. Which of the following statements is correct? 

A. In India 43% of land area is plain. 

B. In India 30% of land area is covered with rivers.

C. In India 27% of land area is plateau region.

D. All of the above 

Explanation: According to national data, there are 43% of land area is plain. Rivers cover 30% of the land area, and the rest, 27% of the land area, is plateau region and in our country. 

20. Fallow land means 

A. Cultivable land 

B. Uncultivable land 

C. Both are correct 

D. None of these 

Explanation: Uncultivated Land can be classified as fallow land. It is a piece of land that is normally used for farming but that is left with no crops on it for a season to let it recover its fertility.

21. What do you mean by “Gross Cropped Area”? 

A. net sown area 

B. Area sown more than once in an agriculture year 

C. Area sown more than once in an agriculture year plus net sown area 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: The gross cropped area is the total area shown once or multiple times in a given year. When a crop is shown twice on the same piece of land, the area is counted twice in the gross cropped area. On the other hand net sown area is the area shown with crops but only counted once. 

22. What do you mean by “Net Sown Area”? 

A. The physical extent of land on which crops are sown and harvested 

B. Area sown more than once in an agriculture year 

C. Area sown more than once in an agriculture year plus net sown area 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Net Sown area represents the total area shown with crops. This represents the total area shown once or more than once in a particular year. The area is counted as many times as there are shown in a year. Net area is the area shown with crops but is counted only once. 

23. Pastures are also known as 

A. Agricultural land 

B. Grazing land 

C. Fallow land 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: A pasture is a field that is covered with grass and suitable for grazing by livestock. 

24. net sown area is more than 80% in which states? 

A. Punjab 

B. Haryana 

C. Both A and B 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Punjab and Haryana are the leading states in terms of agriculture in our country. As a result, the net area is naturally more than 80% in the states. 

25. net sown area is less than 10% in which states? 

A. Arunachal Pradesh 

B. Mizoram and Manipur 

C. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: States like Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and UTs like Andaman Nicobar Islands are not fit for agriculture. So, in these states, we can observe the net sown area less than 10%. 

26. According to National Forest Policy,1952, how many percentage of forest land is desired for the total geographical area? 

A. 25% 

B. 30% 

C. 33% 

D. 50% 

Explanation: According to the National Forest Policy,1952 forests must constitute 33% of land area for maintenance of ecological balance. But the actual forest cover in India is below the required amount which is 24.62%. 

27. Wasteland includes 

A. Rocky terrain 

B. Arid and desert region 

C. Settlements, roadway, railways and industry 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Land that is uncultivated or barren can be termed as wasteland. 

28. Which of the following are the reasons behind Land degradation? 

A. Deforestation 

B. Over-grazing 

C. Mining and quarrying 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: There are very many reasons behind the land degradation. These are deforestation overgrazing, mining and Quiring etc. 

29. Which of the following states are examples of deforestation due to mining 

A. Jharkhand and Odisha 

B. Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 

C. Both A and B 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: The Chota Nagpur Plateau is one of the major mineral belts in our country. States like Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh are located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau. So, in the states, the amount of minerals stored under the ground is very much. So deforestation is very much common due to the mining activities in this region. 

30. Which of the following states are examples of land degradation due to overgrazing 

A. Gujarat and Rajasthan 

B. Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra 

C. Both A and B 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra are the states in which cattle rearing is one of the major income sources of the people of those states. As a result, grazing is a very common problem in that state, resulting in land degradation.

31. Which of the following states are examples of land degradation due to irrigation 

A. Punjab 

B. Haryana 

C. Western Uttar Pradesh 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Country’s first green revolution has been performed in states like Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. We all know that irrigation facilities are one of the main components of the green revolution, and due to heavy irrigation, the amount of land degradation becomes maximum in the states. 

32. Which of the following statements are wrong about Land degradation A. It can be solved by afforestation and grazing management 

B. It can be solved by the planting of shelter belts 

C. It can be solved by growing thorny bushes 

D. It can be solved by uncontrolled mining activities 

Explanation: Land degradation can be countered by doing afforestation and gazing management in pasture land. Besides that shelter bet, growing thorny bushes are a few examples of how to reduce land degradation. 

33. Which of the following are the important factors of soil formation 

A. Relief 

B. Parent rock or bedrock 

C. Climate and vegetation 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: There are so many important factors that contribute to the formation of soil, namely relief, parent rock or bedrock, climate, and vegetation. 

34. Which of the following is the correct sequential order of soil structure from the surface to the bottom 

A. top soil > subsoil > unweathered parent bedrock > substratum weathered parent rock material 

B. top soil > subsoil > substratum weathered parent rock material > unweathered parent bedrock 

C. Subsoil > top soil > unweathered parent bedrock > substratum weathered parent rock material 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: With the help of the soil profile, we can understand the structure of the soil in sequential order over the different layers. The topmost layer is called the topsoil. Next is subsoil, then substratum, the parent rock material, and the final is an unweathered parent bedrock. 

35. Poor many types of soil can we find in India? 

A. 4 

B. 5 

C. 6 

D. 7 

Explanation: There are six types of soil we can find in India, namely forest and mountain soil, alluvial soil, red and yellow soil, black soil, literate soil, and arid soil. 

36. The North Indian plains are made up of 

A. Alluvial soil 

B. Black soil 

C. Red soil 

D. Mountainous soil 

Explanation: The north Indian plains are made up of alluvial soil. The alluvium deposit is made by the Himalayan Rivers, namely the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra. 

37. Which of the following rivers are the important rivers of the North Indian Plain? 

A. The Ganga 

B. The Indus 

C. The Brahmaputra 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: The north Indian plains mainly consist of three major Himalayan rivers, namely the Ganga, the Indus, and the Brahmaputra. 

38. Alluvial soil contains 

A. Sand 

B. Silt

C. Clay 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Alluvial soil is very useful for farming as it contains sand, silt, and clay. 

39. Which of the following statements is correct? 

A. Old alluvial soil is called Bangar 

B. New alluvial soil is called Khadar 

C. The Bangar soil has a higher concentration of kankar nodules than the khadar. 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Alluvial soil can be classified as old alluvial or Bangar and new alluvial or Khadar. The Bangar soil has a higher concentration of Kanker nodules than the Khadar. It has more fine particles and is farther away than the Bangar. 

40. Alluvial soil is ideal for the cultivation of 

A. Cereal and pulse crop 

B. Sugarcane 

C. Paddy and wheat 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Alluvial soil can be seen in the northern part of India. This soil is very fertile due to rivers like the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Indus. Paddy, wheat, sugar cane cereal, and pulse crops are cultivated in this soil. 

41. Black soil is also known as 

A. Cotton soil 

B. Regur soil 

C. Both A and B are correct 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Black soil is also known as Regur soil. The word ” regular” comes from the Latin word regurgitate, which means to overflow. Since this soil is formed as a result of lava flows, it is known as regular soil. On the other hand, it is also called cotton soil just because Cotton cultivation is very suitable in black soil. 

42. Which of the following is the parent rock of black soil 

A. Igneous rock 

B. Metamorphic rock 

C. Sedimentary rock 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Black soil is the common soil of the Deccan Plateau. As we all know, the Deccan Plateau is formed from igneous rock, as there were volcanoes in ancient times. So, it can be concluded that the parent rock of black soil must be igneous. 

43. Black soil is found in 

A. Maharashtra and Saurashtra 

B. Malwa and Madhya Pradesh 

C. Chhattisgarh, along with Godavari and Krishna valleys 

D. All of the above 

Explanation: Black soils are found in Southern states of India like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and even in the valleys of Deccan, rivers like Godavari and Krishna. 

44. Black soils are poor in 

A. Phosphorus 

B. Calcium carbonate 

C. Magnesium 

D. Potash and Lime 

Explanation: Black soil is made up of extremely fine clay material. They are well known for their capacity to hold moisture. They are rich in soil nutrients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potassium, and lime. 

45. Red soils look yellow when 

A. It becomes dehydrated 

B. It becomes hydrated 

C. It mixes up with iron content 

D. None of the above 

Explanation: Red soil, when hydrated, appears to be yellow as the soil contains ferric oxides that are available in the soil. The soil appears red as iron oxide is available as hematite, also known as hydrous ferric oxide. The soil appears yellow, and hydrated is formed as limonite.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the MCQs on “Resources and Development” for Class 10 cover a range of topics including renewable and non-renewable resources, conservation methods, environmental issues, and human impacts on ecosystems. Understanding these concepts is crucial for developing an awareness of sustainable resource management and environmental conservation practices among students.

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