CBSE Power Sharing Class 10 MCQ (Civics) Chapter 1 Question Answers

Power Sharing Class 10 MCQs | Power Sharing Class 10 Question Answers | CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Power Sharing MCQs

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If you are a meritorious student of CBSE board class 10, you will always be online to learn all the information related to your studies. Surely now you are searching for CBSE Power Sharing Class 10 MCQ. For your upcoming preparation for the 2024 board exam. Then you have come to the right place. All the MCQ questions and their answers are made according to the latest exam pattern. And our Pathshalacbse website assures you that if you prepare these few mcqs correctly you will get good marks in the exam.

Power Sharing Class 10 MCQ

Power Sharing Class 10 MCQ TOP 30 Question Answers:-

1. Belgium is located in

A. Asia  

B. Africa  

C. Europe  

D. America 

EXPLANATION: Belgium is situated in the west of Europe, bordered to the north by the Netherlands, to the east by Germany and Luxembourg, and to the south and west by France. 

2. Belgium is smaller than  

A. Haryana  

B. Punjab  

C. Delhi  

D. Sikkim 

EXPLANATION: The size of Belgium is 30,688 km² whereas Haryana’s size is 44,212 km². 

3. Belgium is bordered with  

A. France and Netherlands  

B. Germany and Luxembourg  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the above 

EXPLANATION: The neighboring countries of Belgium are France, Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg with whom Belgium shares its border. 

4. What do you mean by Ethnic composition 

A. People having similarities only in language  

B. People having similarities only in religion  

C. People having similarities only in common past  

D. All of the above 

EXPLANATION: A group of individuals who have similarities with one another about language, culture, history, or community is an ethnic composition or ethnicity. 

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5. In Belgium people belonging to the Flemish region speak  

A. French  

B. Dutch  

C. German  

D. Spanish 

EXPLANATION: Almost 59% live in the Flemish region, and speak the Dutch language. Another 40% of the people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. The remaining 1% of the Belgians speak German. 

6. In Belgium people belonging to the Wallonia region speak  

A. French  

B. Dutch  

C. German  

D. Spanish

EXPLANATION: Almost 59% live in the Flemish region, and speak the Dutch language. Another 40% of the people live in the Wallonia region and talk to French. The remaining 1% of the Belgians speak German.

7. Which of the following statements is correct-  

A. In Belgium majority speak in French language  

B. In Brussels majority speak in French language  

C. In Belgium minority speak in Dutch language  

D. in Brussels majority speak in Dutch language 

EXPLANATION: Belgium has three official languages: French, Dutch, and German. In Belgian schools the official two languages taught are French and Dutch, so the majority of Belgians are bilingual. Dutch (Flemish) is spoken in the Flemish communities, while French is spoken in Wallonia. In Brussels the most common language is French. 

8. Which community of Belgium is more educated and wealthy

A. French  

B. German  

C. Dutch  

D. All of the above

EXPLANATION: The French were a minority group that was relatively wealthy and influential in Belgium. There are various reasons why French speakers have benefited from economic progress. The French were qualified and well-educated. 

9. The tension among the French-speaking and the Dutch-speaking communities in Belgium can be seen during  

A. 1960s and 1970s  

B. 1970s and 1980s 

C. 1950s and 1960s  

D. 1940s and 1950s 

EXPLANATION: The minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful. On the other hand, the Dutch-speaking community got the benefit of economic development and education much later. This was the cause of tension between the two communities during the 1950s and 1960s. 

10. Which of the following statement is correct about Sri Lanka  

A. 74% are Tamil speakers  

B. 18% are Sinhala speakers  

C. 13% are Sri Lankan Tamil  

D. None of the above 

EXPLANATION: Its population consists of 74% Sinhalese and 18% Tamilians which is then subdivided into Sinhala Tamilians(13%) and Indian Tamilians(5%). – Most of the Sinhalese people are Buddhists along with Hindu and Muslim Tamilians. 

11. Who is Indian Tamil?  

A. Tamil native of Sri Lanka  

B. Indian native of Sri Lanka  

C. Tamil plantation workers  

D. None of the above

EXPLANATION: The Tamilians whose forefathers came from India as plantation workers during the colonial period and settled there (Sri Lanka) are called â€śIndian Tamils”. They constitute 5 percent of the population.

12. Which of the following is the main religion of Sri Lanka?

A. Hinduism  

B. Christianity  

C. Islamism  

D. Buddhism 

EXPLANATION: Over 70% of the population identify as Buddhist, nearly 13% identify as Hindu, 10% are Muslim, and the remaining 7% are predominantly Christian, with less than one percent practicing other religions or no religion. 

13. In which year Sri Lanka got independence?  

A. 1947  

B. 1948  

C. 1949  

D. 1950

EXPLANATION: Sri Lanka is a small island nation off the southern coast of India. It gained Independence from British rule in 1948. 

14. What do you mean by Humanitarian measures?  

A. Ruled by Majority  

B. Ruled by Minority  

C. Ruled by monarch  

D. Ruled by Dictator 

EXPLANATION: Majoritarianism is a political philosophy or ideology with an agenda asserting that a majority, whether based on a religion, language, social class, or other category of the population, is entitled to a certain degree of primacy in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society. 

15. In which year Sri Lanka passed the act which recognized Sinhala as the only official language of Sri Lanka  

A. 1950  

B. 1952  

C. 1954  

D. 1956 

EXPLANATION: In 1956, Sinhala was made the official language of Sri Lanka. 

16. The demand for Tamil Eelam arose in which year? 

A. 1960  

B. 1970  

C. 1980  

D. 1990 

EXPLANATION: In 1980, the Tamil parties’ call for regional autonomy was replaced with the demand for a separate state called Tamil Eelam; Eelam is the ancient Tamil name for Sri Lanka.

17. The Civil war in Sri Lanka was ended in  

A. 2005  

B. 2007  

C. 2009  

D. 2011 

EXPLANATION: After a 26-year military campaign, the Sri Lankan military defeated the Tamil Tigers in May 2009, bringing the civil war to an end. Up to 70,000 had been killed by 2007. Immediately following the end of the war, on 20 May 2009, the UN estimated a total of 80,000–100,000 deaths. 

18. Between 1970 and 1993, Belgium amended their constitution

A. Two times  

B. Three times  

C. Four times  

D. Five times

EXPLANATION: To accommodate all people, the Belgium state amended its constitution four times between 1970 and 1993. The Belgium state made space for cultural diversity and regional differences in the country by making unique arrangements. 

19. The Community Government in Belgium can exercise power related to

A. Culture  

B. Education  

C. Language  

D. All of the above

EXPLANATION: The Community has powers for culture (theatre, libraries, audiovisual media, etc.), education, the use of languages, and matters relating to the individual. 

20. Which of the following statement is WRONG about the New Belgium model 

A. Equal ministers are there from both the community  

B. The state government is not subordinate to the central government  

C. Federalism in Belgium became single tier  

D. Brussels has a separate government 

EXPLANATION: Legislative powers in Belgium are divided between the national, regional, and community levels. The number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government. Certain powers of the central government were given to state governments of the two regions of the country. 

21. What is the headquarters of the European Union? 

A. London  

B. Brussels  

C. Paris  

D. New Delhi 

EXPLANATION: The headquarters of the European Union is in Brussels. 

22. Power sharing is good because 

A. it respects the values of both majority and minority  

B. it establishes the monarchial form of government  

C. it respects diversity in a country  

D. it ensures the participation of a citizen in different levels of government

EXPLANATION: Power sharing is essential to avoid violent conflicts, and tyranny of the majority and ensure political stability. Democratic rule and power-sharing have close links. Power sharing is an integral component of the spirit of democratic rule. 

23. Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary is the example of  

A. Horizontal power-sharing  

B. Vertical power-sharing  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the above 

EXPLANATION: Horizontal Division of Power- It is the sharing of power among the different organs of government, for example, power-sharing by the executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. In this type of power-sharing arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercised different powers. 

24. Central government, state government, and local government the examples of

A. Horizontal power-sharing  

B. Vertical power-sharing  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the Above

EXPLANATION: Vertical Division of Power- It is a system of power-sharing among governments at different levels. For example, a general government for the entire country and governments at provincial or regional levels. In India, we refer to it as the Central Government, State Governments, Local body governments, etc. 

25. The system of checks and balances is also known as  

A. Horizontal power-sharing  

B. Vertical power-sharing  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the above

EXPLANATION: The system of checks and balances is a system of horizontal distribution of power between the different organs of a government, such as a legislature, executive, and judiciary. 

26. Vertical share of power can be seen in  

A. Belgium  

B. Sri Lanka  

C. Both the country  

D. None of the above 

EXPLANATION: Decision-making powers are divided between 3 levels of government: the federal government, 3 language-based communities (Flemish, French, and German-speaking), and 3 regions (Flanders, Brussels Capital, and Wallonia). Legally they all are equal, but they have powers and responsibilities for different fields. In this way, Belgium is an example of a vertical shave of power. 

27. The Federal Division of Power is also known as  

A. Horizontal power-sharing  

B. Vertical power-sharing  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the above

EXPLANATION: The federal division of power is also known as the Vertical division of power. Vertical power sharing is power shared among different levels of government such as Union, State, and local government. 

28. What do you mean by “Reserved Constituency”?  

A. Where any person can submit a nomination irrespective of community  

B. Where and person can cast vote  

C. Where a person belongs to a special social group only can submit the nomination  

D. None of the above 

EXPLANATION: Reserved constituencies are constituencies in which seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes and Tribes based on the size of their population. 

29. What do you mean by Civil war?  

A. A violent conflict between opposing groups in a country  

B. A violent conflict between two different countries  

C. Both A and B  

D. None of the above 

Explanation: It is a situation when a violent conflict starts between opposing groups within a country that becomes so intense that it appears like a war.


Power sharing is essential for maintaining stability, promoting inclusivity, and preventing conflicts in democratic societies. It can occur at different levels: among different organs of government, across various social groups, and between different regions. Belgium and Sri Lanka serve as examples of how power sharing can impact a nation’s unity and stability.

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